Brig. Gen. Mohamed Marwa (retired), Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency, has stated that Nigeria is the world’s most popular cannabis-using nation, with 10.6 million residents abusing the drug.
Marwa stated that Nigeria has a significant drug usage problem when speaking at the second Vanguard Mental Health Summit, which was sponsored by 9mobile and Guaranty Trust Bank Ltd.
He pointed out that before the 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, which was funded by the UNODC and revealed alarming results, the seriousness of the situation was unclear.
“Before then, the drug use profile of Nigeria was sketchy. The survey gave us facts for the first time and we got to know that Nigeria, as of 2018, had a 14.4 percent drug use prevalence.
“The average global drug use prevalence was 5.5 percent, at 14.4 percent. Nigeria has almost three times the global prevalence. “Without any doubt, the country has a serious substance abuse problem.
“The biggest revelation was that 10.6 million Nigerians abused cannabis. Again, this is a mere figure until you begin to figure it out in terms of the human impact. The ramification is that we have a cannabis-using population that is bigger than countries like Portugal and the United Arab Emirates.”
Marwa who was represented at the event by Zonal Commander, NDLEA, Lagos, Dr. Segun Oke, said: “In 22 months, the agency has arrested 20, 000 offenders and convicted 3,111 in court. We have seized 5.5 million kg of illicit drugs, destroyed 900 hectares of cannabis farms, and dismantled two illicit methamphetamine laboratories.”
He assured that next year will be tougher as a result of the amended NDLEA Act that will pave way for convicted traffickers to spend long years in jail without the option of a fine.
“We are also trying to present a counter-narrative to the wrong messages out there that brainwash young people to believe that illicit substances are harmless.”
In his keynote address, the Head, of the Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, University of Lagos/ Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Prof. Olatunji Aina, said the current economic situation of the country had worsened the mental health of Nigerians.
“A number of factors, namely poor planning, fiscal indiscipline, and policy somersault, could be ascribed to why Nigeria gradually walked her way into a distressed economy.
“The health of any given population is shaped by socio-economic context, employment, public policies, socio-demographic characteristics, and social welfare system of the country.
“There are strong research findings to show that changes in these key socio-economic determinants may be reflected in the mental health of the populace.
“Thus, the mental health of the people is vulnerable during economic distress or recession.
“In other words, economic recession and its associated problems such as unemployment, income decline and huge debts are significantly associated with poor mental health, increased rates of common mental disorders (anxiety and depression), psycho-active substance use disorders and suicidal behaviours.”
He explained that in the face of security and socio-economic challenges facing the country, prevalent mental health, complications include anxiety disorders, depression, sleep disorders, and suicide, among others.
Corroborating his views, the President of the World Medical Association, WMA, Dr. Osahon Enabulele, appealed to the Federal Government to assent to the Mental Health Bill to address the challenges of mental health in Nigeria.
Enabulele said about a billion people in the world, and one in every four Commonwealth citizens, particularly in the low and middle-income (LMICs) countries and pre-eminently among women and the younger age group 20-24 years, were known to be affected by one form of a mental health problem or the other.
“This is with about 80 percent of people unable to receive any form of treatment, a situation that leads to the loss of a trillion dollars annually.
“Unfortunately, during the COVID-19 pandemic, this burden of mental health is estimated to have increased by 25 percent.
“This was due to an interplay of factors, including economic fortunes and worsening poverty, increased resort to substance use, and the disruption of mental health services, including emergency psychiatric services.”